CSS: links with sliding underline effect through pseudo-elements

When building my blog, I decided to get rid of the default underline styling on <a> elements to use my custom underline effect. If you still don’t know what kind of style I am talking about, just try to hover this link or any other link in the blog post content.

Check the final result here

As you could see, when you hover a link in the content, two lines under the text start growing from left to right and from right to left with a slightly sliding effect. I did this with pseudo elements, and bellow I will show you can implement a similar effect on your website or web application.

The a element

Our first target is the <a> element, which comes with default CSS properties that we need to restart first, like color and the most important one, text-decoration:

a {
  color: #0099CC;
  position: relative;
  text-decoration: none;
}
  • Thecolor property was set to some variation of blue
  • The position property was set to relative. Below, I will explain why.
  • The text-decoration was set to none. This is the property that will style the <a> element with the line under the text.

Adding the pseudo-elements

a::before,
a::after {
  bottom: 0;
  width: 0%;
  content: "";
  height: 2px;
  position: absolute;
  transition: width .5s;
  background-color: #0099CC;
}

a::before {
  left: 0;
}

a::after {
  right: 0;
}

The two lines that form the underline effect in the final result that we intend to achieve are in fact pseudo-elements attacthed to the <a> element.

In the code above, the first block describes the common CSS definitions between ::before and ::after:

  • bottom is set to 0 because I want the underline to actually appear under the text, in this case, the <a> element.
  • width is initially set to 0, it means that you won’t be able to see anything until the mouse is over the text. The :hover selector is not defined yet.
  • content is a property required for the pseudo-elements. In this case, I set it to an empty string.
  • The value of height can be arbitrary. However, you may want to define a value that visually will match the <a> element font-size.
  • The position was set to absolute so we are able to manipulate the left, right and bottom properties, in order to align both pseudo-elements relative to the <a> element.
  • To give the sliding effect I defined the transition property relative to the width property with a duration of 0.5 seconds.
  • And of course the background-color. This can be anything you feel comfortable with.

Then in the code above, there are two more blocks, and they were defined so each pseudo-element could be aligned in the left and right side of the <a> tag.

Handling on mouse hover

At this point, you should not see any effect yet, and that’s because both pseudo-elements were defined with the width property set to 0. This makes sense because the desired effect is that the underline only appears when the mouse is on top of the link.

a:hover::before,
a:hover::after {
   width: 50%;
}

In the code above I am saying this: each time the mouse hovers an element, the ::before and ::after pseudo-elements should have its width value set to 50%. Voilà, you should be able to see the underline effect I described at the beginning of this article.

You can see the final result here too.

References

Post cover by Keith Johnson

Firmino Changani

I'm Firmino, and here I write about web application development, focusing in Frontend, Backend and tooling tips that I learned and use.